Tutorial Musical Elements: Rhythm
OBJECTIVE: Much of what you learned in the Performing Media: Instruments and Voices tutorial applies to the elements of music. In that lesson you learned how Performing Media applies to MIDI and music software. We will now take a closer look into another important musical element that applies to music and music software: Rhythm.
Rhythm is the flow of music through time.
It has several interrelated aspects of which to consider: Beat, meter, accent, syncopation and tempo.
Music sequencing software utilizes these aspects in various applications.
The organization of beats into regular groups is called Meter.
Beat, Meter and Tempo In Music Software
It's important to understand the beat and meter when beginning a new composition.
Properly choosing your beat, meter and tempo will result in the correct "pulse" or "feel" of the music.
Meter is translated into what we call Time Signatures and are as follows:
Duple: 2/4, 6/8 (2 or 6 beats in the measure) Triple: 3/4, 9/8 (3 or 9 beats in the measure) Quadruple: 4/4, 12/8 (4 or 12 beats in the measure) Other "Odd" Meters: 7/4, 5/4, etc. (7 or 5 beats in the measure).
There will be further discussion on Time Signatures later in the lesson.
Accent: Emphasis placed on the beat/note.
Syncopation: Emphasis on unexpected beat/note.
Molto - Much ; non troppo - Not too much; accelerando - becoming faster; ritardando - slowing down.
Largo= 40 - 60 bpm (Beats Per Minute);
Adagio= 66 - 76 bpm
Andante= 76 - 108 bpm
Moderato= 108 - 120 bpm
Allegro= 120 - 168 bpm
Presto 168 - 200 bpm
Prestissimo= 200 - 208 bpm
You will find Tempo, and Meter (Time Signature) settings located in the transport section of a sequencing program. The transport section of a section program is where the Stop, Play, FF, RR button.